Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Oct. 28, 2018
Debt Disclosure [Abstract]  

The Company’s primary sources of liquidity are cash flows from operations and proceeds from our financing arrangements. Both operating cash flows and borrowing capacity under the Company’s financing arrangements are directly related to the levels of accounts receivable generated by its businesses. The Company’s operating cash flows consist primarily of collections of customer receivables offset by payments for payroll and related items for the Company’s contingent staff and in-house employees; federal, foreign, state and local taxes; and trade payables. The Company’s level of borrowing capacity under its financing arrangements increases or decreases in tandem with any change in accounts receivable based on revenue fluctuations.

The Company manages its cash flow and related liquidity on a global basis. The weekly payroll payments inclusive of employment-related taxes and payments to vendors are approximately $20.0 million. The Company generally targets minimum global liquidity to be 1.5 to 2.0 times its average weekly requirements. The Company also maintains minimum effective cash balances in foreign operations and uses a multi-currency netting and overdraft facility for its European entities to further minimize overseas cash requirements.

On January 25, 2018, the Company entered into a two-year $115.0 million accounts receivable securitization program (“DZ Financing Program”) with DZ Bank AG Deutsche Zentral-Genossenschafsbank (“DZ Bank”) and exited its financing relationship with PNC Bank (“PNC Financing Program”). While the borrowing capacity was reduced from $160.0 million under the PNC Financing Program, the new agreement increases available liquidity and provides greater financial flexibility with less restrictive financial covenants and fewer restrictions on use of proceeds, as well as reduces overall borrowing costs. The size of the DZ Financing Program may be increased with the approval of DZ Bank.

The DZ Financing Program is fully collateralized by certain receivables of the Company that are sold to a wholly-owned, consolidated, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary. To finance the purchase of such receivables, the Company may request that DZ Bank make loans from time to time to the Company that are secured by liens on those receivables.

At October 28, 2018, the Company was subject to certain financial and portfolio performance covenants under our DZ Financing Program, including a minimum tangible net worth of $40.0 million, positive net income in fiscal year 2019, maximum debt to tangible net worth ratio of 3:1 and a minimum of $15.0 million in liquid assets, as defined. At October 28, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants. At October 28, 2018, there was $38.3 million of borrowing availability, as defined, under the DZ Financing program.

On June 8, 2018, the Company amended its DZ Financing Program to modify a provision in the calculation of eligible receivables, as defined. This amendment permits the Company to exclude the receivables of a single large, high-quality customer from its threshold limitation, resulting in additional borrowing capacity of approximately $10.0 million.

On January 4, 2019, the Company amended the DZ Financing Program. Key changes to the amendment were to: (1) extend the term of the program to January 25, 2021; (2) revise an existing financial covenant to maintain Tangible Net Worth (as defined under the DZ Financing Program) of at least $30.0 million through fiscal 2019, which will revert back to $40.0 million in fiscal 2020; and (3) revise an existing covenant to maintain positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2019; (4) increase the eligibility threshold for obligors with payment terms in excess of 60 days from 2.5% to 10.0%, which will add flexibility and borrowing capacity for the Company. All other material terms and conditions remain substantially unchanged.

Loan advances may be made under the DZ Financing Program through January 25, 2021 and all loans will mature no later than July 25, 2021.  Loans will accrue interest (i) with respect to loans that are funded through the issuance of commercial paper notes, at the commercial paper (“CP”) rate, and (ii) otherwise, at a rate per annum equal to adjusted LIBOR. The CP rate will be based on the rates paid by the applicable lender on notes it issues to fund related loans.  Adjusted LIBOR is based on LIBOR for the applicable interest period and the rate prescribed by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for determining the reserve requirements with respect to Eurocurrency funding. If an event of default occurs, all loans shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the prime rate (the federal funds rate plus 3%) plus 2.5%.

The DZ Financing Program also includes a letter of credit sub-facility with a sub-limit of $35.0 million. As of October 28, 2018, the letter of credit participation was $25.4 million, inclusive of $23.5 million for the Company’s casualty insurance program, $1.1 million for the security deposit required under certain real estate lease agreements and $0.8 million for the Company's corporate credit card program. The Company used $30.0 million of funds available under the DZ Financing Program to temporarily collateralize the letters of credit, until the letters of credit were established with DZ Bank on January 31, 2018.

The DZ Financing Program contains customary representations and warranties as well as affirmative and negative covenants, with such covenants being less restrictive than those under the PNC Financing Program. The agreement also contains customary default, indemnification and termination provisions. The DZ Financing Program is not an off-balance sheet arrangement, as the bankruptcy-remote subsidiary is a 100%-owned consolidated subsidiary of the Company.

The Company used funds made available by the DZ Financing Program to repay all amounts outstanding under the PNC Financing Program, which terminated in accordance with its terms, and expects to use remaining availability from the DZ Financing Program from time to time for working capital and other general corporate purposes.

Until the termination date, the PNC Financing Program was secured by receivables from certain staffing services businesses in the United States and Europe that were sold to a wholly-owned, consolidated, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary. The bankruptcy-remote subsidiary’s sole business consisted of the purchase of the receivables and subsequent granting of a security interest to PNC Bank under the program, and its assets were available first to satisfy obligations to PNC Bank and were not available to pay creditors of the Company’s other legal entities. Borrowing capacity under the PNC Financing Program was directly impacted by the level of accounts receivable. In addition to customary representations, warranties and affirmative and negative covenants, the PNC Financing Program was subject to termination under standard events of default including change of control, failure to pay principal or interest, breach of the liquidity or performance covenants, triggering of portfolio ratio limits, or other material adverse events, as defined.

On January 11, 2018, the Company entered into Amendment No. 10 to the PNC Financing Program, which gave the Company the option to extend the termination date of the program from January 31, 2018 to March 2, 2018, and amended the financial covenant requiring the Company to meet the minimum earnings before interest and taxes levels for the fiscal quarter ended October 29, 2017. All other material terms and conditions remained substantially unchanged, including interest rates.

At October 28, 2018, the Company had outstanding borrowings under the DZ Financing Program of $50.0 million, with a weighted average annual interest rate of 3.6% during fiscal 2018. At October 29, 2017, the Company had outstanding borrowings under the PNC Financing Program of $50.0 million with a weighted average annual interest rate of 3.1% during fiscal 2017, which is inclusive of certain facility fees.

Long-term debt consists of the following (in thousands):
October 28,
October 29,
Financing programs




   Current portion


   Deferred financing fees


Total long-term debt, net