Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Restructuring and Severance Charges

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Restructuring and Severance Charges
6 Months Ended
May 03, 2020
Restructuring and Related Activities [Abstract]  
Restructuring and Severance Charges
Restructuring and Severance Charges

The Company incurred total restructuring and severance costs of $0.4 million and $0.7 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $1.7 million and $0.8 million for the six months ended May 3, 2020 and April 28, 2019, respectively.
2020 Restructuring Plan
In the first quarter of fiscal 2020, the Company approved a restructuring plan (the “2020 Plan”) as part of its strategic initiative to optimize the Company’s cost infrastructure. The 2020 Plan will leverage the global capabilities of the Company's staffing operations based in Bangalore, India and offshore a significant number of strategically identified roles to this location. The total costs incurred in the first six months of fiscal 2020 in connection with the 2020 Plan were $1.2 million, consisting of $0.1 million in North American Staffing, $0.1 million in International Staffing and $1.0 million in the Corporate and Other category. As of May 3, 2020, the Company anticipates payments of $0.6 million will be made through the remainder of fiscal 2020.
2018 Restructuring Plan
On October 16, 2018, the Company approved a restructuring plan (the “2018 Plan”) based on an organizational and process redesign intended to optimize the Company’s strategic growth initiatives and overall business performance. In connection with the 2018 Plan, the Company incurred restructuring charges comprised of severance and benefit costs and facility and lease termination costs. The 2018 Plan was completed by the end of fiscal 2019. The total costs since inception through May 3, 2020 were approximately $5.5 million, consisting of $1.1 million in North American Staffing, $0.4 million in International Staffing and $4.0 million in Corporate and Other.
Change in Executive Management
Effective June 6, 2018, Michael Dean departed from his role as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and is no longer a member of the Board of Directors. The Company and Mr. Dean subsequently executed a separation agreement, effective June 29, 2018. The Company incurred related severance costs of $2.6 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2018, which is payable over a period of 24 months.
Effective August 23, 2019, Paul Tomkins stepped down from his role as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company. The Company and Mr. Tomkins subsequently executed a separation agreement, effective September 11, 2019. The Company incurred related severance costs of $0.9 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019, which is payable over a period of 12 months beginning November 2019.
Exit of Customer Care Solutions Business
In June 2019, the Company exited its customer care solutions business, which was reported as a part of the Corporate and Other category. This exit allows the Company to further strengthen its focus on its core staffing business and align its resources to streamline operations, improve cost competitiveness and increase profitability. As a result of this exit, the Company incurred restructuring and severance costs of $2.1 million during the second half of fiscal 2019.

Other Restructuring Costs
During the second quarter of fiscal 2020, there were other restructuring actions taken by the Company as part of its continued efforts to reduce costs and to offset COVID-19 related revenue losses. The Company recorded severance costs of $0.4 million primarily resulting from the elimination of certain positions.

Accrued restructuring and severance costs are included in Accrued compensation, Operating lease liabilities (upon adoption of ASC 842, Leases) and Accrued insurance and other in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Activity for the first six months of fiscal 2020 is summarized as follows (in thousands):
 
 
May 3, 2020
Balance, beginning of year
 
$
3,845

Cease use liabilities transferred to ROU assets
 
(1,964
)
Liability at November 4, 2019
 
1,881

Charged to expense
 
1,657

Cash payments
 
(2,397
)
Ending Balance
 
$
1,141


Upon adoption of ASC 842 Leases, $2.0 million of accrued restructuring related to the exit of leased real estate was reclassified as a reduction to the related ROU asset, per the accounting guidance. The remaining balance at May 3, 2020 of $1.1 million, primarily related to Corporate and Other, includes $0.6 million related to the 2020 Plan and $0.5 million related to the change in executive management.