Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition
12 Months Ended
Oct. 31, 2021
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]  
Revenue Recognition Revenue Recognition
Revenue Service Types

Staffing Services
Volt’s primary service is providing contingent (temporary) workers to its customers. These services are primarily provided through direct agreements with customers and Volt provides these services using its employees and, in some cases, by subcontracting with other vendors of contingent workers. Volt’s costs in providing these services consist of the wages and benefits provided to the contingent workers as well as the recruiting costs, payroll department costs and other administrative costs. The Company recognizes revenue for its contingent staffing services over time as services are performed in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to in exchange for its services, which is generally calculated as hours worked multiplied by the agreed-upon hourly bill rate. The customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits of the services as they are provided. The Company applies the practical expedient to recognize revenue for these services over the term of the agreement commensurate to the amount it has the right to invoice the customer.

Direct Placement Services
Direct placement services include providing qualified candidates to the Company’s customers to hire on a permanent basis. These services are primarily recognized at a point in time when the qualified candidate is placed and begins permanent employment which is the point when control has transferred to the customer and the Company has the right to payment for the service. Each placement is a single performance obligation under the Company’s contracts and the related consideration is typically based upon a percentage of the candidates’ base salary. Direct placement revenue is recognized net of a reserve for permanent placement candidates that do not remain with the customer through the contingency period, which is typically 60 days or less. This contingency is estimated based on historical data and recorded as a refund liability.

Managed Service Programs (MSP)
The Company’s MSP programs provide comprehensive solutions for delivery of contingent labor for assignment to customers, including supplier and worker sourcing, selecting, qualifying, on/off-boarding, time and expense recordation, reporting and approved invoicing and payment processing procedures. Since the individual activities are not distinct, the Company accounts for these activities as a single performance obligation. Volt generally acts as an agent in its transactions within its MSP programs. The Company’s fee for these MSP services is a fixed percentage of the staffing services spend that is managed through the program. The Company recognizes revenue over time for each month of MSP services provided as the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the services the Company provides. The Company applies the practical expedient to recognize revenue for these services over the term of the agreement commensurate to the amount it has the right to invoice the customer.
Disaggregation of Revenues

The following table presents the Company's segment revenues disaggregated by service type (in thousands):

Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2021
Segment Total North American Staffing International Staffing North American
Corporate and Other Eliminations
Service Revenues:
Staffing Services $ 845,135  $ 729,830  $ 87,574  $ 27,380  $ 456  $ (105)
Direct Placement Services 16,357  8,937  5,389  2,031  —  — 
Managed Service Programs 23,901  —  14,000  9,901  —  — 
$ 885,393  $ 738,767  $ 106,963  $ 39,312  $ 456  $ (105)
Geographical Markets:
Domestic $ 774,093  $ 735,209  $ —  $ 38,959  $ —  $ (75)
International 111,300  3,558  106,963  353  456  (30)
$ 885,393  $ 738,767  $ 106,963  $ 39,312  $ 456  $ (105)

Fiscal Year Ended November 1, 2020
Segment Total North American Staffing International Staffing North American
Corporate and Other Eliminations
Service Revenues:
Staffing Services $ 791,163  $ 683,635  $ 83,308  $ 24,483  $ 674  $ (937)
Direct Placement Services 11,820  5,460  3,703  2,657  —  — 
Managed Service Programs 19,072  —  8,297  10,775  —  — 
$ 822,055  $ 689,095  $ 95,308  $ 37,915  $ 674  $ (937)
Geographical Markets:
Domestic $ 722,985  $ 686,252  $ —  $ 37,582  $ —  $ (849)
International 99,070  2,843  95,308  333  674  (88)
$ 822,055  $ 689,095  $ 95,308  $ 37,915  $ 674  $ (937)

Payment Terms

Customer payment terms vary by arrangement although payments are typically due within 15 - 45 days of invoicing. The timing between the satisfaction of the performance obligations and the payment is not significant and the Company currently does not have any significant financing components or significant payment terms.

Unsatisfied Performance Obligations

The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which they will recognize revenue at the amount to which it has the right to invoice for services performed. Unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts not meeting the aforementioned criteria are immaterial.
Accounts Receivable, Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities

The Company records accounts receivable when its right to consideration becomes unconditional and records a sales allowance as a liability. The Company maintains a sales allowance for any potential billing errors and service-related adjustments to the customer. The amount of the sales allowance is determined based on a historical transaction analysis and any additions to the sales allowance are recorded as a reduction to net revenue. 

As of October 31, 2021 and November 1, 2020, the change in the reserve balance was a decrease of $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively. Contract assets primarily relate to the Company’s rights to consideration for services provided that are conditional on satisfaction of future performance obligations. The Company records contract liabilities when payments are made or due prior to the related performance obligations being satisfied. The current portion of contract liabilities is included in Accrued insurance and other in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company does not have any material contract assets or long-term contract liabilities as of October 31, 2021 and November 1, 2020.

The Company may incur fulfillment costs after obtaining a contract to generate a resource that will be used to provide the MSP services. These costs are related to the set up and implementation of customer specific MSP programs and are considered incremental and recoverable costs to fulfill the Company’s contract with the customer. These costs are deferred and amortized over the expected period of benefit of the MSP services provided to the customer, determined by taking into consideration its customer contracts and other relevant factors. Deferred fulfillment costs were immaterial as of October 31, 2021 and November 1, 2020.

Economic Factors

The Company's operations are subject to variations in the economic condition and regulatory environment in their jurisdictions of operations. Adverse economic conditions may severely reduce the demand for the Company’s services and directly impact the revenue. In addition, the Company faces risks in complying with various legal requirements and unpredictable changes in both U.S. and foreign regulations which may have a financial impact on the business and operations.

The global spread of COVID-19 created significant volatility, uncertainty and global macroeconomic disruption. Our business, results of operations and financial condition have been and may continue to be adversely impacted by the coronavirus pandemic and future adverse impacts could be material and are difficult to predict.